Hello there, how are you? I’m sure you have identified the type of anxiety you feel. If not, then please read the previous article so that you receive a better understanding of yourself. 

Today we will briefly discuss what are panic attacks and phobias. And later explore techniques to deal with them. So, let’s get started

So what do you think are panic attacks?

Panic Attack

Well, panic attacks arise suddenly, usually without warning, and often at the most inappropriate time and place. It is a sudden episode of fear that causes physical reactions. You might feel that you are losing control, having a heart attack, or dying.

Few signs of Panic Attack 

Sense of impending doom or danger, fear of loss of control or death, pounding heart rate, sweating, trembling, shortness of breath, chest pain, headache, dizziness, numbness, feeling of unreality or detachment.

The challenging part of panic attacks is the constant fear that it might occur again so people avoid the situations in which it might get triggered. 

What causes panic attacks?

There could be multiple reasons since they come suddenly without any warning, so they are mostly triggered by certain situations. Some panic attacks occur due to stress, Temperament that is prone to negative emotions, for example, unhealthy thinking habits or it can also be genetics. 

Now that we have a little understanding about Panic Attacks, lets briefly touch base on what are phobias?

What are Phobias?

In simple words, a phobia is an excessive or irrational fear reaction. Phobias can lead to panic attacks. There are many kinds of phobias and they can interfere with work, the educational and personal life of people. 

Few types of Phobias are:

Glossophobia: fear of speaking in front of an audience. 

Acrophobia: This is the fear of heights. 

Claustrophobia: This is a fear of enclosed or tight spaces. 

Aviophobia: This is also known as the fear of flying.

Dentophobia: Dentophobia is a fear of the dentist or dental procedures. 

Hemophobia: This is a phobia of blood or injury. A person with hemophobia may faint when they come in contact with their own blood or another person’s blood.

Arachnophobia: This means fear of spiders.

Cynophobia: This is a fear of dogs.

Ophidiophobia: People with this phobia fear snakes.

Nyctophobia: This phobia is a fear of the nighttime or darkness. It almost always begins as a typical childhood fear. When it progresses past adolescence, it’s considered a phobia.

Now that you know a bit about panic attacks and phobias, it’s a humble request to identify your phobias and notice the symptoms during panic attacks. It’s time to dig deep into self-reflection and ask yourself few questions like when I feel shortness of breath? When I am fearful? And write them on a piece of paper. In the next article, we will explore a case study to understand how we can manage our panic attacks and phobias. 

Till then stay strong. 

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